Thanks for the Messiaen hint! Found a pdf of Vol 1 and it states: "in the Beginning there was Rhythm"
As a drummer, I totally agree.
If you're into drumming and stuff the teachers make novice students learn, there's a very basic book called Syncopation, which brakes down basically all conceivable syncopations in basic 3/4, 2/4 time signatures. Syncopation according to Wikipedia: "syncopation
involves a variety of rhythms which are in some way unexpected which make part or all of a tune or piece of music off-beat. More simply, syncopation is a general term for "a disturbance or interruption of the regular flow of rhythm"
Theres a pdf online for that too...