Re: Disorientating loops?
I think you could get quite close to this sort of feeling by automating the attack on an interesting rhythm. You could experiment with a gater at some point in the effects chain to alter the releases of the notes.
One thing to bear in mind is that once something has repeated a few times, it starts to make sense. In that track you posted, the bits just after the transitions between the various grooves are where it strikes me most - so there's a definite element of the way the compositional structure affects your perception of the music.